int ioctl(int fd,
 int request,
 const int *argp);



File descriptor returned by open().





The VIDIOC_STREAMON and VIDIOC_STREAMOFF ioctl start and stop the capture or output process during streaming (memory mapping, user pointer or DMABUF) I/O.

Capture hardware is disabled and no input buffers are filled (if there are any empty buffers in the incoming queue) until VIDIOC_STREAMON has been called. Output hardware is disabled and no video signal is produced until VIDIOC_STREAMON has been called. The ioctl will succeed when at least one output buffer is in the incoming queue.

Memory-to-memory devices will not start until VIDIOC_STREAMON has been called for both the capture and output stream types.

If VIDIOC_STREAMON fails then any already queued buffers will remain queued.

The VIDIOC_STREAMOFF ioctl, apart of aborting or finishing any DMA in progress, unlocks any user pointer buffers locked in physical memory, and it removes all buffers from the incoming and outgoing queues. That means all images captured but not dequeued yet will be lost, likewise all images enqueued for output but not transmitted yet. I/O returns to the same state as after calling VIDIOC_REQBUFS and can be restarted accordingly.

If buffers have been queued with VIDIOC_QBUF and VIDIOC_STREAMOFF is called without ever having called VIDIOC_STREAMON, then those queued buffers will also be removed from the incoming queue and all are returned to the same state as after calling VIDIOC_REQBUFS and can be restarted accordingly.

Both ioctls take a pointer to an integer, the desired buffer or stream type. This is the same as struct v4l2_requestbuffers type.

If VIDIOC_STREAMON is called when streaming is already in progress, or if VIDIOC_STREAMOFF is called when streaming is already stopped, then 0 is returned. Nothing happens in the case of VIDIOC_STREAMON, but VIDIOC_STREAMOFF will return queued buffers to their starting state as mentioned above.

Note that applications can be preempted for unknown periods right before or after the VIDIOC_STREAMON or VIDIOC_STREAMOFF calls, there is no notion of starting or stopping "now". Buffer timestamps can be used to synchronize with other events.

Return Value

On success 0 is returned, on error -1 and the errno variable is set appropriately. The generic error codes are described at the Generic Error Codes chapter.


The buffer type is not supported, or no buffers have been allocated (memory mapping) or enqueued (output) yet.


The driver implements pad-level format configuration and the pipeline configuration is invalid.