Difference between revisions of "Audio Decoders"

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There are various possibilities  
 
There are various possibilities  
  
* Sound_AF provides by the tuner  
+
* Sound_AF provides by the tuner <br> Some tuners have mono out /stereo out /radio out
Some tuners have mono out /stereo out /radio out
+
  
 
* Sound_IF provided by the tuner, this needs an extra decoder
 
* Sound_IF provided by the tuner, this needs an extra decoder
 
 
** discrete decoding module (e.g. NE41S fpr BTSC stereo)
 
** discrete decoding module (e.g. NE41S fpr BTSC stereo)
 
** simple audio decoder chip (e.g. tda9820)
 
** simple audio decoder chip (e.g. tda9820)

Revision as of 17:24, 29 January 2006

TV Sound Standards

TV-System Sound Carrier [MHz] Sound Modulation Color System Country
B/G 5.5/5.7421875 FM-Stereo PAL Germany
B/G 5.5/5.85 FM-Mono/NICAM PAL Scandinavia,Spain
L 6.5/5.85 AM-Mono/NICAM SECAM-L France
I 6.0/6.552 FM-Mono/NICAM PAL UK
D/K 6.5/6.2578125 D/K1

6.5/6.7421875 D/K2

6.5/5.85 D/K/NICAM

FM-Stereo

-

FM-Mono/NICAM

SECAM-East USSR

-

Hungary

M

M-Korea

4.5

4.5/4.724212

FM-Mono

FM-Stereo

NTSC USA

Korea

Satellite 6.5

7.02/7.20

FM-Mono

FM-Stereo

PAL ASTRA

TV Sound Decoding

The TV sound needs to be decoded in order to receive an Audio Frequency (Sound_AF) signal.

There are various possibilities

  • Sound_AF provides by the tuner
    Some tuners have mono out /stereo out /radio out
  • Sound_IF provided by the tuner, this needs an extra decoder
    • discrete decoding module (e.g. NE41S fpr BTSC stereo)
    • simple audio decoder chip (e.g. tda9820)
    • DSP audio decoder chip (e.g. MSP3415)
      • all DSP audio chips provide Sound_AF
      • some can provide I2S signal
    • Audio decoding funtion built into the PCI bridge chip (e.g. cx25840)

Sound Routing

There are multiple sound sources on the TV card, as there is only one output, there must be a switch to select from these:

  • Sound_AF from tuner (mono/stereo/radio)
  • Sound_AF from decoder chip
  • Line In

There can be these switches (aka mux or crossbars)

  • HEF4052: this selects from 4 inputs
  • some DSP audio decoder chips have multiple inputs
  • some PCI bridge chips have multiple input

If wired propoerly by the IHV, the I2S can be read directly by the PCI bdrige chip (so you have one less D/A -> D/A conversion, this should result in less noise).

Sound Output

Sound can be output to:

  • Line out
    • Line out connected to sound card
    • Line out connected to active speakers
  • Speaker or headphone out (some cards had a headphone amplifier)
  • A/D digitizer on PCI chips (e.g. btaudio), this can be directly transferred to memory or can be sent to the audio card for output
  • also see I2S above