8.2. How to get the bt8xx cards working¶
Richard Walker, Jamie Honan, Michael Hunold, Manu Abraham, Uwe Bugla, Michael Krufky
8.2.1. General information¶
This class of cards has a bt878a as the PCI interface, and require the bttv driver for accessing the i2c bus and the gpio pins of the bt8xx chipset.
Please see Documentation/admin-guide/media/bttv-cardlist.rst for a complete list of Cards based on the Conexant Bt8xx PCI bridge supported by the Linux Kernel.
In order to be able to compile the kernel, some config options should be enabled:
./scripts/config -e PCI ./scripts/config -e INPUT ./scripts/config -m I2C ./scripts/config -m MEDIA_SUPPORT ./scripts/config -e MEDIA_PCI_SUPPORT ./scripts/config -e MEDIA_ANALOG_TV_SUPPORT ./scripts/config -e MEDIA_DIGITAL_TV_SUPPORT ./scripts/config -e MEDIA_RADIO_SUPPORT ./scripts/config -e RC_CORE ./scripts/config -m VIDEO_BT848 ./scripts/config -m DVB_BT8XX
If you want to automatically support all possible variants of the Bt8xx cards, you should also do:
./scripts/config -e MEDIA_SUBDRV_AUTOSELECT
Please use the following options with care as deselection of drivers which are in fact necessary may result in DVB devices that cannot be tuned due to lack of driver support.
If your goal is to just support an specific board, you may, instead, disable MEDIA_SUBDRV_AUTOSELECT and manually select the frontend drivers required by your board. With that, you can save some RAM.
You can do that by calling make xconfig/qconfig/menuconfig and look at
the options on those menu options (only enabled if
Autoselect ancillary drivers is disabled:
Customize TV tuners
Customize DVB frontends
Then, on each of the above menu, please select your card-specific frontend and tuner modules.
8.2.2. Loading Modules¶
Regular case: If the bttv driver detects a bt8xx-based DVB card, all frontend and backend modules will be loaded automatically.
Old TV cards without EEPROMs, sharing a common PCI subsystem ID;
Old TwinHan DST cards or clones with or without CA slot and not containing an Eeprom.
In the following cases overriding the PCI type detection for bttv and for dvb-bt8xx drivers by passing modprobe parameters may be necessary.
220.127.116.11. Running TwinHan and Clones¶
As shown at Documentation/admin-guide/media/bttv-cardlist.rst, TwinHan and
card=113 modprobe parameter. So, in order to properly
detect it for devices without EEPROM, you should use:
$ modprobe bttv card=113 $ modprobe dst
Useful parameters for verbosity level and debugging the dst module:
verbose=0: messages are disabled 1: only error messages are displayed 2: notifications are displayed 3: other useful messages are displayed 4: debug setting dst_addons=0: card is a free to air (FTA) card only 0x20: card has a conditional access slot for scrambled channels dst_algo=0: (default) Software tuning algorithm 1: Hardware tuning algorithm
The autodetected values are determined by the cards’ “response string”.
In your logs see f. ex.: dst_get_device_id: Recognize [DSTMCI].
For bug reports please send in a complete log with verbose=4 activated. Please also see Documentation/admin-guide/media/ci.rst.
18.104.22.168. Running multiple cards¶
See Documentation/admin-guide/media/bttv-cardlist.rst for a complete list of Card ID. Some examples:
Pinnacle PCTV Sat
Nebula Electronics Digi TV
pcHDTV HD-2000 TV
Twinhan DST and clones
Avermedia AverTV DVB-T 77:
Avermedia AverTV DVB-T 761
DViCO FusionHDTV DVB-T Lite
DViCO FusionHDTV 5 Lite
When you have multiple cards, the order of the card ID should match the order where they’re detected by the system. Please notice that removing/inserting other PCI cards may change the detection order.
$ modprobe bttv card=113 card=135
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22.214.171.124. Probing the cards with broken PCI subsystem ID¶
There are some TwinHan cards whose EEPROM has become corrupted for some reason. The cards do not have a correct PCI subsystem ID. Still, it is possible to force probing the cards with:
$ echo 109e 0878 $subvendor $subdevice > \ /sys/bus/pci/drivers/bt878/new_id
The two numbers there are:
109e: PCI_VENDOR_ID_BROOKTREE 0878: PCI_DEVICE_ID_BROOKTREE_878