VIDIOC_CROPCAP — Information about the video cropping and scaling abilities
File descriptor returned by
Applications use this function to query the cropping
limits, the pixel aspect of images and to calculate scale factors.
They set the
type field of a v4l2_cropcap
structure to the respective buffer (stream) type and call the
VIDIOC_CROPCAP ioctl with a pointer to this
structure. Drivers fill the rest of the structure. The results are
constant except when switching the video standard. Remember this
switch can occur implicit when switching the video input or
This ioctl must be implemented for video capture or output devices that support cropping and/or scaling and/or have non-square pixels, and for overlay devices.
Table A.2. struct v4l2_cropcap
|__u32||Type of the data stream, set by the application.
Only these types are valid here:
|struct v4l2_rect||Defines the window within capturing or output is possible, this may exclude for example the horizontal and vertical blanking areas. The cropping rectangle cannot exceed these limits. Width and height are defined in pixels, the driver writer is free to choose origin and units of the coordinate system in the analog domain.|
|struct v4l2_rect||Default cropping rectangle, it shall cover the
"whole picture". Assuming pixel aspect 1/1 this could be for example a
640 × 480 rectangle for NTSC, a
768 × 576 rectangle for PAL and SECAM centered over
the active picture area. The same co-ordinate system as for
This is the pixel aspect (y / x) when no scaling is applied, the ratio of the actual sampling frequency and the frequency required to get square pixels.
When cropping coordinates refer to square pixels,
the driver sets
Table A.3. struct v4l2_rect
|__s32||Horizontal offset of the top, left corner of the rectangle, in pixels.|
|__s32||Vertical offset of the top, left corner of the rectangle, in pixels.|
|__u32||Width of the rectangle, in pixels.|
|__u32||Height of the rectangle, in pixels.|