Xine

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Xine is a very popular multimedia player for Linux. Above all, it's a movie player, but it also can play audio files or connect to live streams. DVB cards can be accessed using the dvb input plugin. The main advantage of Xine over other DVB clients is that it can be completely controlled using a mouse. Many users like it because it provides much functionality for watching TV very easily.
Screenshot from xine player showing EPG data
(On the other side, VDR has better functionality for recording / scheduled recording, for the price of more installation and configuration fiddling.)


Installation

Install the package
Instructions on doing so will vary by distribution. For example, with Debian GNU/Linux and Debian-derived distributions (such as Ubuntu), one can install from the GNOME desktop using Synaptic or from the command-line with one of these commands:

 aptitude install xine
 apt-get install xine

Analogue TV

Requires the v4l2 input plugin (?)

Usage

xine v4l://dev/video0

Digital TV

Channel Setup

Create a channels list using the scan utility from the LinuxTV dvb-apps:

 mkdir -p ~/.xine
 scan /path_to/initial_tuning_file >~/.xine/channels.conf

The initial tuning files are typically stored in /usr/share/dvb; if there's no suitable file for a transmitter near you, you should use w_scan -X instead.

Usage

Now start up xine and choose DVB from the menu. Alternatively, you may accomplish this on the command line with:

xine dvb://

You should now see the first channel on your channels.conf list. If you want to always load the first channel on the list at startup, edit the following lines of the config file under /home/username/.xine/ :

# Remember last DVB channel watched
# bool, default: 1
media.dvb.remember_channel:0

You can use the mouse scroll wheel to change channels. Once a channel has been tuned Xine will display EIT data (the current program) next to the channel. To record, use "Menu 2" from the popup menu, or select "Menu 2" from the navigation panel (keyboard shortcut: ALT+e). To view EPG data select "Menu 7".

Methods of changing channel other than the previous/next keys will cause a channel list to be displayed; this will display some now/next information, depending on what's been received on the current multiplex and any previously visited (this information is not remembered when you quit xine).

Notes

  • Xine appears to only tune DVB-S channels via the channels.conf file if you are using a Universal type lnbf. That is one with an LO: 9750/10600. C-Band LO: 5150 and Ku band LO:10750 commonly used in North America seem to be unsupported as yet unless Deadfly missed something.
  • xine-lib 1.2 will follow the XDG Base Directory Specification; by default, it will use ~/.config/xine-lib/channels.conf.

External Links